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» Portuguese course outlines

The Cactus Course Outlines provide a learning framework for the Cactus Foreign Language Evening Courses. They are designed to provide you with a good idea of what you might cover during the course and include typical themes, vocabulary fields, grammar, cultural content and skills work for the language and the level. The Outlines are flexible rather than prescriptive, in that our teachers always plan their lessons with the specific abilities, aims and interests of the students in their classes in mind.

» Portuguese Beginner 1

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Introductions and greetings: olá, como estás~como está, Chamo-me Manuela~Me chamo Manuela, Bom dia, Tudo bem?
  • Names, nationalities
  • Professions, colleagues, relatives...
  • Please & thank you
  • Likes & dislikes: Gosto de feijoada mas gosto muito mais de caipirinha.
  • Eating & drinking: Vamos comer uma feijoada no domingo?
  • Numbers
  • Alphabet
  • Directions
  • Hotels and Travel
  • Making phone calls (ex: to book a hotel)
  • Time – hours, days, months, time phrases (today, tomorrow... )
  • Daily life – routines, free time
  • Making arrangements
  • Home – rooms, house accessories
  • Places – shops, important buildings and celebrations: O Carnaval do Rio de Janeiro e muito bonito e famoso.
  • The weather
Grammar:
  • Pronouns – subject, possessive + the form a gente
  • To be (ser versus estar)
  • Masculine and feminine with nouns
  • Articles + junction with prepositions de (da, do...) and em (no, na...)
  • Present – simple (1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugations) /continuous
  • Definite Future : ir + infinitive (“going to”)
  • Singular vs. Plural
  • Demonstrative pronouns
  • Question words - who, what, how, how much
  • Verb gostar (de) - affirmative, negative and interrogative
  • Verbos morar, ficar, ter...
Cultural content:
  • Basic notions of culture and celebrations
  • Interesting sites
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Beginner 2

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Likes & dislikes: Gosto de feijoada mas gosto muito mais de caipirinha.
  • Talking about self & others: O Roberto viajou para os Estados Unidos e comprou muitos presentes para toda a familia.
  • Restaurants, bars, food & drink, eating & drinking
  • Asking for things and information
  • Giving instructions/ directions
  • Showing appreciation, giving opinions & advice
  • Invitations/arrangements : Vamos comer uma feijoada no domingo?
  • Holidays, festivals, work and free time: leisure activities and cultural habits
  • Everyday life
  • Booking hotel, restaurants, etc.
  • Making phones calls & meetings
  • Expressing wishes & preferences
  • Clothing and accessories
  • Problems with service
  • Numbers to 1 billion
  • Family
  • Describing people
  • Health & illness
Grammar:
  • Review & practice previous level grammar (eg. through mixed tense work – present/past/future "going to")
  • Who/which/what/how/when/where/how much/many
  • Main link words: but, and, then...
  • Prepositions (de, em + articles)
  • Articles
  • Main verbs, ir, fazer, preferir, ficar, ver, pôr, vestir, trazer ....
  • Possessives
  • Object pronouns: o, a, lo, la, lhe, lhes
  • Comparisons, comparatives & superlatives
  • Demonstratives (na, da, naquela...)
  • Imperatives
  • Past (perfeito) explore in depth
  • Past - perfeito (irregular verbs from beginner: ser, estar, poder, ir, querer, fazer, ter, dar...)
  • Verb ter de (have to)
Cultural content:
  • Traditional festivals, food and drinks
  • Eating & drinking, eating out – the feijoada
  • Hotels
  • Capital cities
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Beginner 3

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Review & practice previous level vocab
  • Home – rooms, house accessories: Minha casa tem duas salas, dois quartos de casal, dois banheiros e, claro, uma churrasqueira no jardim!
  • Places – shops, important buildings and celebrations: O Carnaval do Rio de Janeiro e muito bonito e famoso.
  • Daily life – routines, free time, every day activities
  • Talking about self & others
  • Talk about the past and experiences
  • Jobs, working, professional qualities
  • The weather
  • Planning a party
  • Giving instructions
  • Invitation, offer, suggestion, requests, informal advice
Grammar:
  • Review & practice previous level grammar
  • Simple Past (passado perfeito):more verbs
  • Past (Preterito perfeito): explore through exercises and dialogue creation
  • More irregular verbs (suggestion: trazer, saber, dizer...)
  • Past (perfeito)
  • Passive particle se
  • Indefinite pronouns (alguém, ninguém, algo, todo...)
  • Augmentative & diminutive
Cultural content:
  • Society
  • Daily life routine
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Elementary 1

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Review & practice previous level vocab
  • Leisure activities
  • Entertainment: TV, cinema, music
  • Future predictions
  • Superstitions
  • Weather, nature
Grammar:
  • Review & practice previous level grammar (eg. through mixed tense/aspect work – present/past/future - simple/continuous)
  • Past Perfect (Preterito Imperfeito)
  • Irregular verbs (review from previous levels + new ones)
  • Past participle
  • Verb haver (impersonal form)
  • Personal & impersonal infinitive
  • Indefinite pronouns
Cultural content:
  • Weather in different regions
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Elementary 2

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Restaurants, eating out
  • Food & drink
  • Identifying different types of written text
  • Learning and understanding press articles
  • Expressing basic information about health problems
  • Making appointments to be checked by a doctor
  • Sport
  • National traditions/ customs & culture, superstitions
  • Literature (inc. reading a short tale)
  • Common similes (Feio como o diabo...)
Grammar:
  • Review & practice previous level grammar (eg. through mixed tense/ aspect work – present/past/future simple/ continuous/ compound)
  • Compound Past (perfeito composto do indicative)
  • Passive (with ser and with se)
  • Double negative (review)
  • Double past participles
  • Main relative pronouns, Reduced clauses - from infinitive, gerund and participle
  • Reported speech - and main verbs that introduce it
Cultural content:
  • Portuguese society and social classes
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Elementary 3

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Buying and shopping
  • Commercial goods and services
  • Professions
  • Countries where Portuguese European is spoken (e.g. Rio de Janeiro, Cabo Verde, comparisons)
  • The use of Brazilian voce contrasted with formal and informal use in Portugal
  • Structural differences between Portuguese Brasilian and Portuguese European
  • Cultural differences and similarities
Grammar:
  • Complex sentence structures
  • Personal Infinitive (Ele nos convidou para nós conhecermos sua casa.)
  • Passive voice and active voice
  • Gerund versus Past participle: Ele estava a trabalhar vs Ele estava trabalhando.
  • Ir + gerund
  • Complex relative pronouns
  • Collective nouns: a manada, o exercito...
Cultural content:
  • Basic notions of Portuguese language literature
  • Christmas season and consumerism
  • Open air traditional markets and tropical fruits
  • Brazilian natural resources and richness: pau-brasil, cafe and açucar
  • Traffic Laws
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Intermediate 1

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Education (school, university, examinations)
  • Education (school, university, examinations)
  • Professions and Careers
  • Expressing wishes, doubts and feeling (Tomara que...; Talvez...; Que pena que...)
  • Weather, nature, natural disasters
Grammar:
  • Present of Subjunctive
  • Impersonal Expression (é melhor que; é bom que; é necessário que; Basta que...)
  • Demonstrative Pronouns + aqui, aí, ali, lá
Cultural content:
  • Educational Systems
  • History of Portuguese language and countries where it is spoken
  • Music & Film
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Intermediate 2

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Consumerism, globalization, Finance, Banking, Administration
  • Healthy & unhealthy lifestyles
  • Expressing opinions about stress
  • Giving advice: Porque e que não vais fazer exercicio fisico num ginasio?
  • Finance
  • Banking
  • Administration
  • Brazil and its culture
  • Superstition
Grammar:
  • Present of Subjunctive + Linking words (Para que, embora, até que, antes que, contanto que, a não ser que, sem que, caso, mesmo que)
  • Present of Subjunctive + (alguém que, alguma coisa que)
  • Imperfect of Subjunctive
  • If-clauses
Cultural content:
  • Folklore
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Intermediate 3

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Commercial (goods and services)
  • Technical Assistance
  • Repairs and services in general
  • Letters (asking for a refund, warranty, complaints)
  • SAC (Serviço de atendimento ao cliente)
  • Procom (Proteção ao consumidor)
  • Generation gap and modern technology
  • Means of transportation, traffic, cars, insurance
Grammar:
  • Future of Subjunctive + Linking words (quando, enquanto, logo que, assim que, depois que, se, como, à medida que)
  • Future of Subjunctive + Relative clauses (Receberemos quem chegar)
  • Compound Subjunctive (1. Que pena que ontem ela não tenha visto o que eu vi. 2. Se você tivesse telefonado, eu teria esperado. 3. Só vá para casa depois que tiver terminado o seu trabalho)
  • Word formation Word formation, word-building (prefix and suffix patterns): more composed words – italiano, ilegivel...
  • Personal Infinitive (Ele nos convidou para nós conhecermos sua casa.)
  • Verb haver related to time (Estive na Argentina há cinco meses.)
  • Verb haver related to existence (Houve um acidente na esquina.)
Cultural content:
  • Community services and service culture
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Upper-Intermediate

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Leisure activities
  • Media
  • SMS, facebook, etc vocabulary and abbreviations
  • Globalisation
  • Countries where Portuguese is spoken: similarities and differences
  • Differences between slang, colloquial and formal expressions and words
  • Different accents
Grammar:
  • If-clauses + compound subjunctive (Ele estaria rico hoje se tivesse feito bons investimentos quando era jovem.)
  • Relative pronouns (que, quem, o qual, a qual, onde, cujo(a))
  • Direct and indirect Speech
  • Revision of Subjunctive tenses
Cultural content:
  • MPB (Música Popular Brasileira)
  • Football
  • Celebrities related to sport, music, literature, etc
  • Television
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Lots of writing
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Advanced

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Daily life
  • Colloquial language and fixed expressions
  • Formal speech
  • How to express your opinion
  • Pronunciation: words in – x (peixe, exemplo, excelente, táxi...)
  • Erudite adjectives
  • Racial prejudice
  • How children were educated in the past and how they are educated nowadays)
  • Synonyms and antonyms
Grammar:
  • Verbs ser, estar and ficar
  • Prefixes and suffixes
  • Compound words and their plurals
  • Accent, stress and intonation
  • Verbs + prepositions
  • Imperfect of subjunctive
  • Linking words + subjunctive
  • Reflexive verbs
  • Masculine x feminine words
  • Different kinds of superlatives
  • Future of subjunctive + linking words
  • Subjunctive + clauses
  • Contraction of prepositions
  • Todo vs tudo
  • Verbs ended in -ter and -ver
  • Collective nouns
  • Verb acabar
  • Expressions with the word conta
  • Indefinite pronouns (muitos, todos, nada, cada um, certo, algum, alguém, ninguém...)
  • Verbs: trazer, levar; ir, vir
  • Relative pronouns (que, quem, onde, o qual...)
  • Verbs ended in -vir, -pôr
Cultural content:
  • The natural world
  • Traditional parties
  • Capital cities
  • Flora and fauna
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

» Portuguese Proficiency

Topics & Vocabulary:
  • Literal vs Figurative meaning
  • Superstitions
  • Human Evolution
  • Expressions with colours
  • Employment: nowadays and in the past
  • Paintings and arts
  • Proverbs
  • How to avoid stress
Grammar:
  • Fixed expressions
  • Impersonal verb: fazer
  • Time expressions: há – daqui a
  • Adverbs
  • Indirect Speech
  • Grave accent: à
  • Verbs ended in -dizer, -pedir, -ear, -uir, -iar
  • Tu vs você
  • Para mim vs para eu...
  • Para vs por
  • Meio vs metade
  • Tornar vs tornar-se
  • Different meaning of the words: já and mesmo
Cultural content:
  • Tourism
  • A journey through historic cities
  • How the state of Santa Catarina was formed
  • New Year’s celebrations
Skills Work:
  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Role-plays
  • Lots of listening

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