Danish course outline

The Cactus Course Outlines provide a learning framework for the Cactus Foreign Language Evening Courses. They are designed to provide you with a good idea of what you might cover over a 10-week period, and include typical themes, grammar and vocabulary fields. They are flexible rather than prescriptive, in that our teachers may decide to adapt their learning plans to the specific level, aims and interests of their classes. Use the tabs below to view the relevant Danish course outline for your level.

Danish Beginner 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Introducing yourself
  • Greeting people
  • Numbers 1 to 20
  • Nationalities
  • Travel and tourism
  • Numbers above 20
  • Danish money
  • Shopping
  • Yes/no questions

Grammar:

  • Personal pronouns
  • Present tense
  • Asking questions
  • Nouns and genders
  • Articles in the singular
  • Word order
  • Plurals of nouns
  • The use of nej, ja and jo

Cultural Content:

  • Invitations, offers, suggestions, requests
  • Everyday Danish Culture
  • Everyday speaking and polite forms
  • Seasonal festivals
  • The Danish diaspora
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Beginner 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Ordinal numbers
  • Days and months
  • Festive seasons
  • Expressing good wishes
  • On the phone
  • Time expressions
  • Apologising

Grammar:

  • Past tense
  • Past participle
  • Present perfect
  • Word order
  • Adjectives
  • Prepositions
  • Auxiliary verbs

Cultural Content:

    • Invitations, offers, suggestions, requests
    • Everyday Danish Culture
    • Everyday speaking and polite forms
    • Seasonal festivals
    • The Danish diaspora
    • Idiomatic expressions
    • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Beginner 3

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Likes and dislikes
  • Films
  • Writing letters
  • Making suggestions
  • Expressing enthusiasm
  • Expressing promises
  • Expressing regret

Grammar:

  • Genitive
  • Possessive adjectives
  • Pronouns
  • Imperatives
  • Nouns ending in -er
  • Det as a formal subject

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Danish Culture
  • Everyday speaking and polite forms
  • Danish table manners and eating habits
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Elementary 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Expressing duty
  • Daily routines
  • Planning for the future
  • The weather
  • The Danish titanic
  • Danish school system

Grammar:

  • Object pronouns
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • ‘burde’ and expressing duty
  • Adverbs ud/ude, hjem/hjemme
  • Short answers
  • Ikke and adverbs in subordinate clauses
  • Quantifiers
  • Comparative adjectives
  • Countable/uncountable nouns

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Danish Culture
  • Danish school system
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Elementary 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Telling the time
  • Describing people
  • Agreeing/disagreeing
  • Offering help
  • Transport and directions
  • Responding to offers
  • Showing preference
  • Expressing opinions
  • Talking about the future

Grammar:

  • Compound nouns
  • Sentences with ‘If’
  • Demonstrative pronouns and adjectives
  • Adjectives and nouns ending in -el. –en, -er
  • Translating ‘to know’
  • Who(m), which, that
  • Some, any

Cultural content:

  • Everyday Danish Culture
  • Transport in Denmark
  • How Danes live
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Elementary 3

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Question tags
  • Paying compliments
  • The Danish boss
  • Showing uncertainty and indifference
  • Disagreeing and swearing
  • Newspapers
  • Danish abbreviations

Grammar:

  • Adverb positioning
  • ‘When’
  • ‘all’, ‘the whole’, ‘self’, ‘both’
  • Repeating a question
  • Passive with active meaning
  • ‘At fa’ and ‘at have’
  • ‘No’ and ‘none’
  • -ing form

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Danish Culture
  • The Danish Constitution
  • Some Danish history
  • Danish state church
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Facts about the Danish: property, holidays, climate, etc

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Alphabet / Writing / Reading
  • Lots of listening
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Danish Intermediate 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Making and receiving complaints
  • Discussing problems and suggesting solutions
  • Talking about possibilities
  • Rephrasing and clarifying views
  • Weighing advantages and disadvantages
  • Discussing perceptions and assumptions

Grammar:

  • Revisiting the previous level’s grammar
  • Irregular verbs
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Abbreviations
  • Phrasal verbs
  • Adverbs

Cultural Content:

  • Danish culture and traditions
  • Danish dialect
  • Working in Denmark
  • Famous Danes
  • Idiomatic expressions

Skills Work:

  • Speaking activities such as indicating preferences, agreeing and disagreeing
  • Listening exercises
  • Pronunciation
  • Plenty of listening activities
  • Writing practice such as letters, emails and short articles etc

Danish Intermediate 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Lifestyle and healthy living in Denmark
  • Nordic gods
  • Denmark’s traditions
  • In the news
  • Politics
  • Current affairs
  • Future plans and dreams

Grammar:

  • Revision of previous grammar points and weak areas
  • Reflexive verbs
  • Reported speech
  • The passive voice
  • Conditionals and modals

Cultural Content:

  • Denmark and Scandinavia
  • Dialects
  • Politics
  • Newspapers
  • Idiomatic expressions

Skills Work:

  • Speaking activities such as retelling current events, reporting what has been heard or said
  • Pronunciation, accent improvement
  • Plenty of listening activities
  • Writing practice such as emails and messages on social media etc

Danish Intermediate 3

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Expressing your opinion and point of view; asking for clarifications
  • Regions
  • History
  • Kings and Queens
  • Food culture
  • Films
  • Scandinavia
  • Facts and myths

Grammar:

  • Review & practice Intermediate 2
  • Relative pronouns and adverbs
  • Prepositions review
  • Perfect participle
  • Verb tenses review
  • Phrasal verbs
  • Time expressions
  • Verbs: “tale, snakke, fortælle, sige ”
  • Modal verbs
  • Adjectives: comparative and superlative

Cultural Content:

  • Culture
  • Film
  • History
  • Food culture
  • Magazines
  • The Scandinavian countries
  • The commonwealth countries

Skills Work:

  • Speaking activities such as presenting thoughts and opinions, asking for information and clarification, giving reasons and explaining opinions, discussions
  • Writing practice such as emails and letters
  • Lots of listening (pop music, dialogues)
  • Pronunciation

Danish Upper Intermediate

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Giving your opinion and arguments
  • Travelling in Denmark
  • Tourism
  • Culture
  • Crime
  • Law and order
  • In the news
  • Challenges
  • Moving to a new country
  • Sport

Grammar:

  • Verbs “mener, tror, ved”
  • The definite and indefinite form of nouns review
  • The passive form of verbs
  • Personal Pronouns
  • Deponent and intransitive verbs
  • Perfect participles with verbs “være” and “blive”
  • Second and third conditionals
  • Adverbs: “ja, godt, nok”
  • Present perfect in the future
  • Words for making comparisons
  • Verb tense review

Cultural Content:

  • Travelling in Denmark
  • Famous buildings
  • News from newspaper and digital news
  • Moving to Denmark

Skills Work:

  • Speaking activities such as comparing views and ideas, talking about past experiences, stating and responding to points of view
  • Pronunciation
  • Writing letters, articles, reviews, adverts etc
  • Listening exercises

Danish Advanced

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Traditions
  • Festivals
  • Literature
  • Stereotypes
  • In the office
  • Consumer rights – making complaints
  • Working in Denmark
  • Professional life
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Medias

Grammar:

  • Indefinite form of nouns review
  • Verb tenses review
  • Idioms
  • Irregular verbs
  • Adjectives review
  • Word order review
  • Transitive and intransitive verbs
  • Demonstrative pronouns review
  • Word order review
  • Prepositional phrases
  • Evaluative adjectives

Cultural Content:

  • Culture
  • Traditions
  • Festivals
  • Literature
  • Religion
  • Working in Denmark
  • Idiomatic expressions
  • Formal and informal language
  • Manners and behaviors

Skills Work:

  • Speaking activities such as making complaints, discuss problems and suggest solutions, expressing opinions
  • Writing practice such as small novels
  • Pronunciation
  • Listening exercises

Danish Proficiency

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Primarily topics of students’ choice

Grammar:

  • Choice of grammar topics according to students’ needs
  • Informal and formal language
  • Idioms

Cultural Content:

  • Literature and film – extracts
  • Personal experiences

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking, debating
  • Writing practice – e.g. short stories, reviews and comments, advertisements, film scripts
  • Plenty of listening activities – authentic sources, e.g. Radio, TV, films and podcasts
  • Analyzing and evaluating newspapers articles
  • Summarizing interviews, biographies

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