Korean course outline

The Cactus Course Outlines provide a learning framework for the Cactus Foreign Language Evening Courses. They are designed to provide you with a good idea of what you might cover over a 10-week period, and include typical themes, grammar and vocabulary fields. They are flexible rather than prescriptive, in that our teachers may decide to adapt their learning plans to the specific level, aims and interests of their classes. Use the tabs below to view the relevant Korean course outline for your level.

Korean Beginner 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Introductions to Hangul and Sound Changes
  • Introducing yourself: greetings – saying “Hello”, and “Goodbye”
  • Likes & dislikes
  • Simple Sentences (Adverbs, Plural, Nouns, Articles)
  • Wanting and not wanting
  • Asking Questions

Grammar:

  • To be
  • Present – simple simple/continuous
  • Particle and very stem
  • Prepositions
  • Topic markers
  • Subject markers
  • But and however
  • Plurals
  • Articles
  • Word order – sentence, question

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Korean Culture
  • Everyday speaking and polite forms of speech
  • Levels of formality and body language

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

Korean Beginner 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Asking questions about individual people and things
  • Talking about daily activities and socialising
  • Describing people and things
  • Colours
  • Numbers

Grammar:

  • Subject markers
  • Topic markers
  • Possessive markers
  • Word order and sentence structure
  • Conjugating descriptive verbs
  • Making verbs negative
  • Verbs as adjectives
  • Avoiding repetition
  • Because +
  • Adverbs

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Korean Culture
  • Everyday speaking and levels of formality
  • Cultural points that relate specifically to the topics of the level

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

 

Korean Beginner 3

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Hobbies
  • Telling the time/days of the week/months of the year
  • Making plans and scheduling
  • Shopping
  • Family and relationships
  • Talking about the past

Grammar:

  • Subject markers
  • Topic markers
  • Object markers
  • Using ‘tell me about…’
  • Using ‘please…’
  • Future forms
  • Past forms
  • Pronouns
  • Formal and informal Korean

Cultural Content:

  • Everyday Korean Culture
  • Everyday speaking and levels of formality
  • Cultural points that relate specifically to the topics of the level

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

 

Korean Elementary 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Age and Birthdays
  • Public transport
  • Music in Korea (and K-pop)
  • Organising parties and events
  • Apologising

Grammar:

  • Noun-modifying form
  • Honorific expressions
  • The clausal connective
  • Sentence endings
  • The progressive form
  • Expressing desire and opinion

Cultural Content:

  • Working out someone’s real age
  • Etiquette when travelling
  • The Korean Wave

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

 

Korean Elementary 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Extended family
  • Describing people
  • Going to the doctors
  • Taking a taxi
  • Communication: emails, phone calls, messages

Grammar:

  • Sentence endings
  • The clausal connective (sequential)
  • Irregular predicates
  • Negative commands
  • Expressing obligation or necessity

Cultural Content:

  • The family and traditions
  • Religions in Korea
  • The Hell Train (subway in Seoul)

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

 

Korean Elementary 3

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Making purchases
  • Making suggestions
  • Describing food and tastes
  • Describing feelings
  • Talking about activities

Grammar:

  • Can/cannot
  • Compound verbs
  • While -ing
  • The nominalizer
  • Negation
  • The conditional
  • The comparative
  • Expressing frequency

Cultural Content:

  • Insa-dong
  • Food culture
  • Popular sports in Korea

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking/active practice
  • Hangul / Writing / Reading
  • Variety of listening activities
  • Pronunciation – key sounds

 

Korean Intermediate 1

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Talking about weathers in Korea and four seasons
  • Clothing and fashion
  • Making plans
  • Shopping
  • Describing physical appearance
  • Trip to Korea
  • Taking about vacation and summer jobs

Grammar:

  • Change of state: 어/아지다 ‘ become, get to be’
  • Sentence ending :  – 잖아요 ‘ You know,…’
  • Noun-modifying form : -던 (retrospective)
  • Indicating possibility and capability
  • Expressions of permissions and prohibitions
  • – (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 것 같다It seems/looks like
  • -게 되다 : change or turn of events
  • Doubling of – 었-: – 었였/-았었-/-ㅆ었-
  • Describing past events

Cultural Content:

  • The use of the lunar and solar calendars
  • The Korean life pertaining to clothes
  • The ancient capital of the Silla Kingdom
  • Shopping culture in Korea

Skills Work:

  • Focus on speaking practice inc. situational exercises & interaction
  • Pronunciation
  • Writing, Reading
  • Variety of listening activities

Korean Intermediate 2

Topics & Vocabulary:

  • Lifestyle in Korea
  • Giving a warning and seeking advice
  • Searching for housing
  • Describing buildings and interiors
  • Giving compliments and responding to compliments
  • Using public transportation
  • Asking for and giving directions
  • Making telephone calls
  • Talking about food and making a shopping list
  • Expressing hesitation

Grammar:

  • – (으)려면 ‘if…intends to do’
  • – 어야/이야지요 ‘definitely/indeed/surely should/ought to/have to.
  • The intimate speech style -어/아
  • -(으)ㄴ지 얼마나 됐어요? How long it has been since …?
  • Transference of an action/state to another
  • The use of the plain style in speaking
  • V.S – 기로 하다 ‘plan to/decide to’
  • Indirect quotation : – 다고 하다, -(으/느0냐고 하다, -(으)라고 하다, – 자고 하다
  • 아무리 – 어도/아도 ‘no matter how…’
  • -어/아 보이다 ‘someone/something appears…/ looks…’
  • Passive verbs
  • -는 데(에) ‘in/for- ing…’

Cultural Content:

  • Popular tourist sites in Seoul
  • Famous mountains
  • Traditional vs modern house
  • Traditional market
  • Food culture and recipes

Skills Work:

  • Lots of speaking/active practice
  • Lots of listening
  • Writing personal letters and journal
  • Pronunciation

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