Greek Course Outlines

The Cactus Course Outlines provide a learning framework for the Cactus Foreign Language Evening Courses. They are designed to provide you with a good idea of what you might cover over a 10-week period, and include typical themes, grammar and vocabulary fields. They are flexible rather than prescriptive, in that our teachers may decide to adapt their learning plans to the specific level, aims and interests of their classes. Use the tabs below to view the relevant Greek course outline for your level.

Greek Beginner 1

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Alphabet
  • Greetings (hello, goodbye, good morning goodnight, how are you etc)
  • Introducing themselves (“what’s your name?” “My name is/I am called…”)
  • Basic questions like “where are you from?” and “where do you live?”
  • Jobs and professions
  • Marital Status
  • Basic family vocabulary
  • Numbers
  • Languages
  • Asking for the price and saying how much something costs

Grammar

  • Gender of nouns
  • Definitive articles according to gender (singular)
  • Accusative case (only for prepositions)
  • Main prepositions
  • Personal pronouns (nominative and possessive)
  • The verb to be
  • Conjugation of first group of verbs in -ω in present tense
  • Conjugation of the verb μιλάω (present tense)

Cultural Content

  • Formal and Informal speech
  • Male and female words
  • Districts of Athens

Skills Work

  • Alphabet (writing and reading)
  • Pronunciation and forming simple sentences
  • Listening and understanding

 

 

Greek Beginner 2

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Describing things (big/small, old/new, expensive/cheap etc)
  • Nationalities
  • Asking “who”
  • How old
  • Saying what time it is
  • Days of the week
  • Adverbs for time (always, never, some times etc)
  • Describing a typical day
  • Pronoun “any”
  • Asking/giving basic directions

Grammar

  • Adjectives (gender and case)
  • The use of the accusative case as the object of the verb
  • Conjugation of verbs in -ώ / -ομαι / -αμαι (present tense)
  • The verbs λέω τρώω ακούω πάω (present tense)
  • Saying “there is”

Cultural Content

  • Some common phrases in Greek
  • Daily routine of an Athenian
  • Ordering in a cafe
  • Shops and kiosks

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Comprehension
  • Writing
  • Speaking

 

Greek Beginner 3

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Clothes
  • Colours
  • Basic foods, fruits and vegetables
  • National adjectives
  • Sentences with “like” and “prefer”
  • Words and phrases to use with the future tense
  • Transportation
  • Dialogues in tourist office and hotel
  • Houses/flats/rooms

Grammar

  • Plural number (articles, nouns and adjectives)
  • Asking “how many” and saying many or few
  • Sentences with “which/that”
  • Future tense of groups A and B1/B2
  • Verbs with irregular future tense

Cultural Content

  • The town of Ioannina and surrounding region
  • Shopping in street markets and supermarket
  • Ordering in a restaurant
  • The town of Nafplio and the ancient place of Mycenae
  • Types of flats in Greece
  • The touristic area of Plaka in Athens

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Role play
  • Speaking

Greek Elementary 1

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Sentences with two verbs
  • Answering the phone
  • Words and phrases for the past tense (yesterday, last week etc)
  • Weather and seasons
  • Asking “how long…”
  • Describe people physically
  • In the post office
  • In the bank

Grammar

  • Subjunctive
  • Past tense
  • Personal Pronouns in Accusative (weak type)
  • Gender, number and cases of “who”
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives (two word type)
  • First type of conditional clause

Cultural Content

  • Easter in Greece
  • Holidays in Crete
  • Climate and year round weather in Athens
  • Diminutive endings (meaning and connotation)
  • General Information about Greece as a country

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Writing a letter/note

 

Greek Elementary 2

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Extended Family
  • Possessive Pronoun “Mine, Yours” etc
  • Furniture (bedroom, living room)
  • Adverbs about place (above, under, between etc)
  • Accepting and rejecting an invitation
  • Saying the date (day/month/year)
  • Adjectives with 2 feminine endings
  • The word “all”
  • Saying “well done”

Grammar

  • Genitive case
  • Expanding on the Past tense
  • Imperative
  • Accusative of Personal Pronouns (strong type)
  • Using the personal pronoun in genitive case for the indirect object

Cultural Content

  • Women’s surname
  • Reading from a novel
  • Celebrating name days and birthdays in Greece

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Greek Elementary 3

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Expanding vocabulary of feminine nouns
  • Daily routine verbs (get up, shave, have shower etc) in different tenses
  • Words and phrases that show repetition or duration
  • Talking about what they used to do in the past
  • Recipes
  • Adverbs
  • Saying “in order to…”
  • Saying “here he is/they are”
  • Asking how much (genders and cases

Grammar

  • Future and past tense of -ομαι verbs
  • Personal pronouns with imperative (both direct and indirect object)
  • Past continuous of A and B1/B2 verbs
  • Feminine nouns ending in -ση/ξη/ψη

Cultural Content

  • Carnival and Clean Monday in Greece
  • History of Knossos
  • Greeks from Constantinople
  • Educational system in Greece

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Greek Intermediate 1

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Parts of the human body
  • Different types of doctors
  • Using the pronoun “someone”
  • Learning feminine nouns ending in -ος
  • Using the verb “like” in the past tense and with names/nouns
  • Types of movies

Grammar

  • Past continuous of Γ1 group of verbs (-ομαι)
  • Active participle
  • Feminine nouns in -ος
  • Using pronouns as both direct and indirect object simultaneously
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs (one word type)

Cultural Content

  • Ancient Greek religion
  • Saying welcome
  • Visiting the doctor

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • More emphasis on listening and comprehension
  • Expanded discussions
  • Writing

Greek Intermediate 2

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Expanding vocabulary of neutral nouns
  • Transferring what someone else said
  • Adjectives about time
  • Saying “alone/by myself”

Grammar

  • Present perfect tense
  • Past perfect tense
  • Verbs in -ιεμαι and -ουμαι in all known tenses
  • Neutral nouns in -ος
  • Indirect Speech
  • Future continuous (and subjunctive)

Cultural Content

  • Unemployment in Greece
  • Summer Festivals in Greece
  • National service in the army

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

 

Greek Intermediate 3

Topics and Vocabulary

  • Sentences with “allowed” and “forbidden”
  • Words that unite sentences and clauses
  • New adjectives
  • Pronouns “as much” and “anyone”

Grammar

  • Future Continuous tense
  • Continuous subjunctive
  • Second type of conditional clause
  • Adjectives with new endings (-ων/ουσα/ον -υς/ια/υ)
  • Passive voice
  • Time clauses

Cultural content

  • Army service in Greece
  • The ancient place of Delphi
  • Greek television
  • The 15th of August celebration

Skills Work

  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Greek Upper Intermediate

Topics and Vocabulary

  • CV in Greek
  • Bank accounts
  • Greek sayings
  • Describing/discussing pictures
  • Adjectives in -ης/ες
  • More verbs in -ιεμαι/-ουμαι
  • Νouns in -ον and -εας
  • Nouns with rare/ancient endings

Grammar

  • Vocative case
  • Passive voice
  • Imperative of passives voice
  • Passive participle
  • Adverbs
  • Continuous imperative
  • All types of conditional clauses
  • Future perfect tense

Cultural content

  • Greek wedding
  • Greek music
  • History of Greek language
  • Acropilis
  • The Byzantine Empire
  • Greek system of govern
  • Dietary habits in Greece/recipes
  • Short history of modern Greek literature

 

Skills Work

  • Lots of speaking/debating
  • Lots of Listening
  • Writing
  • Producing various styles of written and spoken Greek

 

 

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