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Greek courses outline

The Cactus Course Outlines provide a learning framework for the Cactus Foreign Language Evening Courses. They are designed to provide you with a good idea of what you might cover over a 10-week period, and include typical themes, grammar and vocabulary fields. They are flexible rather than prescriptive, in that our teachers may decide to adapt their learning plans to the specific level, aims and interests of their classes. Use the tabs below to view the relevant Greek course outline for your level. If you want to cover the same course outline in a shorter period of time, we also offer One-Week Online Courses and 5-week Courses.

Beginner 1

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Alphabet
  • Greetings (hello, goodbye, good morning goodnight, how are you etc)
  • Introducing themselves (“what’s your name?” “My name is/I am called…”)
  • Basic questions like “where are you from?” and “where do you live?”
  • Jobs and professions
  • Marital Status
  • Basic family vocabulary
  • Numbers
  • Languages
  • Asking for the price and saying how much something costs
  • Gender of nouns
  • Definitive articles according to gender (singular)
  • Accusative case (only for prepositions)
  • Main prepositions
  • Personal pronouns (nominative and possessive)
  • The verb to be
  • Conjugation of first group of verbs in -ω in present tense
  • Conjugation of the verb μιλάω (present tense)
Cultural Content
  • Formal and Informal speech
  • Male and female words
  • Districts of Athens
Skills Work
  • Alphabet (writing and reading)
  • Pronunciation and forming simple sentences
  • Listening and understanding

Beginner 2

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Describing things (big/small, old/new, expensive/cheap etc)
  • Nationalities
  • Asking “who”
  • How old
  • Saying what time it is
  • Days of the week
  • Adverbs for time (always, never, some times etc)
  • Describing a typical day
  • Pronoun “any”
  • Asking/giving basic directions
  • Adjectives (gender and case)
  • The use of the accusative case as the object of the verb
  • Conjugation of verbs in -ώ / -ομαι / -αμαι (present tense)
  • The verbs λέω τρώω ακούω πάω (present tense)
  • Saying “there is”
Cultural Content
  • Some common phrases in Greek
  • Daily routine of an Athenian
  • Ordering in a cafe
  • Shops and kiosks
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Comprehension
  • Writing
  • Speaking

Beginner 3

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Clothes
  • Colours
  • Basic foods, fruits and vegetables
  • National adjectives
  • Sentences with “like” and “prefer”
  • Words and phrases to use with the future tense
  • Transportation
  • Dialogues in tourist office and hotel
  • Houses/flats/rooms
  • Plural number (articles, nouns and adjectives)
  • Asking “how many” and saying many or few
  • Sentences with “which/that”
  • Future tense of groups A and B1/B2
  • Verbs with irregular future tense
Cultural Content
  • The town of Ioannina and surrounding region
  • Shopping in street markets and supermarket
  • Ordering in a restaurant
  • The town of Nafplio and the ancient place of Mycenae
  • Types of flats in Greece
  • The touristic area of Plaka in Athens
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Role play
  • Speaking

Elementary 1

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Sentences with two verbs
  • Answering the phone
  • Words and phrases for the past tense (yesterday, last week etc)
  • Weather and seasons
  • Asking “how long…”
  • Describe people physically
  • In the post office
  • In the bank
  • Subjunctive
  • Past tense
  • Personal Pronouns in Accusative (weak type)
  • Gender, number and cases of “who”
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives (two word type)
  • First type of conditional clause
Cultural Content
  • Easter in Greece
  • Holidays in Crete
  • Climate and year round weather in Athens
  • Diminutive endings (meaning and connotation)
  • General Information about Greece as a country
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussion
  • Writing
  • Writing a letter/note

Elementary 2

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Extended Family
  • Possessive Pronoun “Mine, Yours” etc
  • Furniture (bedroom, living room)
  • Adverbs about place (above, under, between etc)
  • Accepting and rejecting an invitation
  • Saying the date (day/month/year)
  • Adjectives with 2 feminine endings
  • The word “all”
  • Saying “well done”
  • Genitive case
  • Expanding on the Past tense
  • Imperative
  • Accusative of Personal Pronouns (strong type)
  • Using the personal pronoun in genitive case for the indirect object
Cultural content
  • Women’s surname
  • Reading from a novel
  • Celebrating name days and birthdays in Greece
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Elementary 3

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Expanding vocabulary of feminine nouns
  • Daily routine verbs (get up, shave, have shower etc) in different tenses
  • Words and phrases that show repetition or duration
  • Talking about what they used to do in the past
  • Recipes
  • Adverbs
  • Saying “in order to…”
  • Saying “here he is/they are”
  • Asking how much (genders and cases
  • Future and past tense of -ομαι verbs
  • Personal pronouns with imperative (both direct and indirect object)
  • Past continuous of A and B1/B2 verbs
  • Feminine nouns ending in -ση/ξη/ψη
Cultural Content
  • Carnival and Clean Monday in Greece
  • History of Knossos
  • Greeks from Constantinople
  • Educational system in Greece
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Intermediate 1

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Parts of the human body
  • Different types of doctors
  • Using the pronoun “someone”
  • Learning feminine nouns ending in -ος
  • Using the verb “like” in the past tense and with names/nouns
  • Types of movies
  • Past continuous of Γ1 group of verbs (-ομαι)
  • Active participle
  • Feminine nouns in -ος
  • Using pronouns as both direct and indirect object simultaneously
  • Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs (one word type)
Cultural Content
  • Ancient Greek religion
  • Saying welcome
  • Visiting the doctor
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • More emphasis on listening and comprehension
  • Expanded discussions
  • Writing

Intermediate 2

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Expanding vocabulary of neutral nouns
  • Transferring what someone else said
  • Adjectives about time
  • Saying “alone/by myself”
  • Present perfect tense
  • Past perfect tense
  • Verbs in -ιεμαι and -ουμαι in all known tenses
  • Neutral nouns in -ος
  • Indirect Speech
  • Future continuous (and subjunctive)
Cultural Content
  • Unemployment in Greece
  • Summer Festivals in Greece
  • National service in the army
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Intermediate 3

Topics & Vocabulary
  • Sentences with “allowed” and “forbidden”
  • Words that unite sentences and clauses
  • New adjectives
  • Pronouns “as much” and “anyone”
  • Future Continuous tense
  • Continuous subjunctive
  • Second type of conditional clause
  • Adjectives with new endings (-ων/ουσα/ον -υς/ια/υ)
  • Passive voice
  • Time clauses
Cultural Content
  • Army service in Greece
  • The ancient place of Delphi
  • Greek television
  • The 15th of August celebration
Skills Work
  • Reading
  • Listening
  • Comprehension
  • Discussing
  • Writing

Upper Intermediate

Topics & Vocabulary
  • CV in Greek
  • Bank accounts
  • Greek sayings
  • Describing/discussing pictures
  • Adjectives in -ης/ες
  • More verbs in -ιεμαι/-ουμαι
  • Νouns in -ον and -εας
  • Nouns with rare/ancient endings
  • Vocative case
  • Passive voice
  • Imperative of passives voice
  • Passive participle
  • Adverbs
  • Continuous imperative
  • All types of conditional clauses
  • Future perfect tense
Cultural Content
  • Greek wedding
  • Greek music
  • History of Greek language
  • Acropilis
  • The Byzantine Empire
  • Greek system of govern
  • Dietary habits in Greece/recipes
  • Short history of modern Greek literature
Skills Work
  • Lots of speaking/debating
  • Lots of Listening
  • Writing
  • Producing various styles of written and spoken Greek

Understanding Language Levels

If you are taking a language course with Cactus you can find out more about our language levels and how you can track your progress using the ‘can do statements’ below. These statements outline the key things that you should be able to say and understand once you have completed each level. Can do statements are officially recognised as a set of performance-related scales describing what a learner is able to do in a foreign language, in accordance with the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) and the CEFR defined levels.

CEFR Levels

If you are taking a language course with Cactus you can find out more about our language levels and how you can track your progress using the ‘can do statements’. These statements outline the key things that you should be able to say and understand once you have completed each level. Can do statements are officially recognised as a set of performance-related scales describing what a learner is able to do in a foreign language, in accordance with the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) and the CEFR defined levels.

Beginner (A1)

  • You can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type
  • You can introduce yourself and others
  • You can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where you live, what you do, people you know and things you have
  • You can ask and give directions
  • You can order food and drink
  • You can make very basic travel and accommodation arrangements
  • You can have a basic conversation, provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

Elementary (A2)

  • You can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas including basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography and employment
  • You can communicate in simple and routine tasks, requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters
  • You can describe, in simple terms, aspects of your background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need
  • You can comfortably ‘get by’ when visiting the country, albeit with some difficulty.

Intermediate (B1)

  • You can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • You can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken
  • You can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest
  • You can describe experiences and events
  • You can talk about dreams, hopes and ambitions
  • You can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans
  • You could consider working in the country using the language (e.g. bar/counter work, waiting service in cafes or basic office work).

Upper Intermediate (B2)

  • You can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in your field of specialisation.
  • You can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible, without strain for either party.
  • You can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue, giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
  • You can do business with speakers of the language in most run-of-the-mill situations.

Advanced (C1)

  • You can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning
  • You can express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions
  • You can use the language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes
  • You can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, logical flow of text, and clear awareness of the audience.

Proficient (C2)

  • You can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read
  • You can summarise information from different spoken and written sources
  • You can reconstruct arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation
  • You can express yourself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely
  • You can differentiate finer shades of meaning, even in the most complex situations.

How to book with Cactus

Select language

Simply select which language you would like to learn and from the box below and click lets go.

Take level test

This is a quick test to help you find the right course for your current level of knowledge.

Book your course

Use our simple online booking system to select your course.