If you’re thinking about learning Polish it’s always good to know a little about the origins and history of the language you are learning. Here, Cactus Language offers up our most interesting Polish language facts:
Polish originally derived from Old Polish. Polish emerged in the 10th century when the Polish state developed itself. Previously a spoken language only, Polish became a written language with the adoption of the Latin alphabet, brought by Christianity.
Polish is an official language in Poland, and there are strong Polish-speaking communities in Belarus, Lithuania, and Ukraine. There are also large Polish communities living in Canada and the United States. In the UK, Polish has become the third most spoken language after English and Welsh. Polish is also the second most spoken Slavic language after Russian.
Such loanwords include bigos (a Polish hunter’s stew), kielbasa (a spicy smoked sausage), paczki (a doughnut filled with jam), and pierogi (popular Eastern European filled dumplings).
Dziewięćsetdziewięćdziesięciodziewięcionarodowościowego is the longest Polish word. It roughly stands for “of nine-hundred and ninety-nine nationalities”.
Polish also shares similarities with other Slavic languages such as Belorussian, Serbian, Russian and Ukrainian.