Turkish Language Facts

1. The Origins

The Turkish language is part of the Turkic languages, and was first spoken in Mongolia, before being strongly influenced by Arabic and Persian. Turkish was then reformed in the 20th century.

2. The Speakers

Turkish has around 75 million native speakers, mainly in Turkey and the surrounding countries. Thanks to a large Turkish diaspora, Turkish is spoken in more than 30 countries where it is not an official language, including Germany with two million Turkish speakers.

3. The Alphabet

Before 1928, Turkish was written using a specific form of Arabic writing. In order to modernise Turkey, the administration adopted an adapted form of the Latin alphabet in the 20th century to replace the Arabic writing.

4. The Loanwords

Some Turkish words made it into English, such as divan, kayak, kebab, kiosk, pilaf and yogurt.

5. The Tongue Twisters

Tongue twisters are present in most languages and Turkish is no exception. For example: Bir berber bir berbere gel berber beraber Berberistan’da bir berber dükkanı açalım demiş. – A barber told another barber “come barber, let’s start up a joint barbershop in Barberistan”.

Turkish Courses

Cactus offers Turkish Group Evening Language Courses in London, and private and corporate Turkish language tuition throughout the world. For information on our courses check our Language Course Questions page, call us on 01273 830 960 or email us. Our multilingual team will be happy to answer any question you may have.

 

 

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