Croatian Language Facts

Interesting Croatian Language Facts

If you’re thinking about learning a language it’s always good to know a little about the origins and history of the language you are learning. Here, Cactus Language offers up our most interesting Croatian language facts:

1. The Origins

Croatian is a South Slavic language and is derived from Old Church Slavonic. In the 19th century, South Slavic nations merged into a united kingdom and unified their very similar languages. The 20th century Yugoslavia used Serbo-Croatian to maintain unity across the country. After taking its independence in 1991, Croatia decided to reform Croatian to differentiate it from Serbian.

2. The Speakers

It is estimated that Croatian is spoken by around 5 million speakers. It is an official language in Croatia, as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina (along with Serbian and Bosnian).

3. The Difference

Croatian is the standardised form of Serbo-Croatian used in Croatia. It is mutually intelligible with Serbian and Bosnian and shares strong similarities and a common history. The definition of Croatian is controversial and the language is often referred to as Serbo-Croat or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) in English.

4. The Alphabet

Reflecting Croatia’s position at the crossroads between Western Europe, Eastern Europe and the Ottoman Empire, Croatian used to be written with three different alphabets: Cyrillic, Glagolitic and Latin. Since the 19th century, Croatian has been using Gaj’s Latin alphabet.

5. The Declaration

1967 is a milestone in the history of Croatian language. That year, Croat scholars addressed the Declaration on the Status and Name of the Croatian Literary Language to the Yugoslavian authorities. It helped protecting Croatian language’s independence.

Get 10% OFF with code MCD10

Get 10% OFF all 5-week and one-week May online courses with code MCD10, ends Sunday 22nd May.

Croatian Courses

An excellent way to improve your Croatian language skills is by taking a group Croatian language course with Cactus. We offer Croatian languages courses online and face-to-face in over 10 locations across the UK.

Private Tuition

Cactus offers a range of options for Croatian private tuition. You can choose one-to-one classes if you prefer online and tailored Croatian lessons that suit your schedule and location. For more information please visit our private tuition and corporate language training division.

Banner FLUK Level Test


  • SKY1